Journal of Scientometric Research, 2023, 12, 1, 68-78.
Published: April 2023
Type: Research Article
Pablo Dorta-González1,*, María Isabel Dorta-González2
1Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos en Economía y Gestión, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, TiDES Research Institute, Campus de Tafira, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, SPAIN.
2Departamento de Ingeniería Informática y de Sistemas, Universidad de La Laguna, Avenida Astrofísico Francisco Sánchez s/n, La Laguna, SPAIN.
Some of the citation advantage in open access is likely due to more access allows more people to read and hence cite articles they otherwise would not. However, causation is difficult to establish and there are many possible biases. Several factors can affect the observed differences and funder mandates can be one of them. Funders are likely to have OA requirement, and well-funded studies are more likely to receive more citations than poorly funded studies. In this paper this hypothesis is tested. Thus, we studied the effect of funding on the publication modality and the citations received in more than 128 thousand research articles, of which 31% were funded. These research articles come from 40 randomly selected subject categories in the year 2016, and the citations received from the period 2016-2020 in the Scopus database. We found open articles published in hybrid journals were considerably more cited than those in gold open-access journals. Thus, regardless of funding, articles under the hybrid gold modality are cite on average twice as those in the gold modality. Moreover, within the same publication modality, we found that funded articles generally obtain 50% more citations than unfunded ones. The use of open-access repositories considerably increases citations, especially for those articles without funding. Thus, the articles in open-access repositories are 50% more cited than the paywalled ones. There is citation advantage, excluding the gold modality, in more than 75% of the cases, and it is considerably greater among unfunded articles.
Keywords: Open access, Funded research bias, Gold OA, Green OA, Hybrid OA, Scholarly communication.