Journal of Scientometric Research, 2017, 6, 1, 1-5.
Published: May 2017
Type: Perspective Paper
Hildrun Kretschmer and Theo Kretschmer
COLLNET Center Borgsdorfer Street 5, Hohen Neuendorf, GERMANY.
Eugene Garfield was the founder of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and a pioneer in the field of citation analysis.He founded the ISI in 1960 and developed an indexing system for science literature, based on the analysis of citations used within a given work.Works earn an “impact factor,” a measure of citations to other science journals that serves as an indicator of their importance in the field. The more citations in reputable journals, the higher the impact factor. The ISI sold subscriptions to their publication the Science Citation Index, and over time grew to include the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) and the Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI). These databases now form the foundation of the online research tool called the Web of Knowledge. The Scientist, a magazine for science researchers. His Essays of an Information Scientist (1977) collects columns published as Current Comments between 1962 and 1976, and is considered a classic in the field of information science. The ISI was acquired by Thomson Scientific in 1992. The paper highlights some insights from Eugene Garfield research work by analysisng his research collaboration from 1952-2012. The 3-D graphs are presented to visulise the structure.